When Using React Hooks: 4 Detailed Guide

React Hooks have revolutionized the way developers write stateful logic in functional components. They provide an elegant solution to manage state and side effects, making code more concise and easier to maintain. However, like any powerful tool, there are best practices and advice that can help you make the most out of React Hooks. 

In this article, we will explore four crucial pieces of advice when using React Hooks.

When Using React Hooks: 4 Detailed Guide

Advice 1: Understand the Rules of Hooks

React Hooks come with a set of rules that need to be followed for them to work correctly. One fundamental rule is that hooks must always be called at the top level of a component or in other custom hooks. This means that you should never call hooks inside loops, conditions, or nested functions. Breaking this rule can lead to unexpected behavior and bugs.

For example, consider the following code snippet where the useState hook is called conditionally:

function Counter() {

  if (condition) {

    const [count, setCount] = useState(0);

    // …



This violates the rules of Hooks and can cause inconsistencies in the state between renders. To fix this, move the conditional logic outside the component or use a separate custom hook.

Advice 2: Use Dependency Arrays Wisely

When using hooks like useEffect or useCallback, it’s essential to understand how dependency arrays work. The dependency array specifies which values the effect or callback depends on. It helps to determine when the effect or callback should be re-executed.

To ensure optimal performance and prevent unnecessary re-renders, it’s crucial to define the dependency array correctly. Omitting dependencies or including too many can lead to bugs and inefficient code.

Consider the following code snippet:

useEffect(() => {


}, []);

In this example, the dependency array is empty, indicating that the effect doesn’t depend on any specific values. This is suitable for one-time initialization effects. However, if fetchData relies on some value from the component’s scope, it should be included in the dependency array to trigger the effect when that value changes.

Advice 3: Extract Custom Hooks for Reusability

One of the significant benefits of React Hooks is their reusability. By extracting custom hooks, you can encapsulate complex logic and share it across multiple components. This promotes code reuse and reduces duplication.

For example, suppose you have two components, ComponentA and ComponentB, both using similar logic related to fetching data. Instead of duplicating the code, you can create a custom hook, useDataFetcher, like this:

function useDataFetcher(url) {

  const [data, setData] = useState(null);


  useEffect(() => {


      .then((response) => setData(response.data))

      .catch((error) => console.error(error));

  }, [url]);


  return data;


function ComponentA() {

  const data = useDataFetcher(‘https://api.example.com/dataA’);

  // …



function ComponentB() {

  const data = useDataFetcher(‘https://api.example.com/dataB’);

  // …


By extracting the common data fetching logic into a custom hook, you ensure consistency and make it easier to maintain and modify the code in the future.


Advice 4: Consider Performance Optimizations

React Hooks provide great performance out of the box, but there are cases where additional optimizations can be beneficial. One such optimization is memoization, which can prevent unnecessary re-renders.

When passing down props or values to child components, consider using useMemo or useCallback to memorize the result. This ensures that the child component only re-renders when its dependencies change.

Here’s an example:

function ParentComponent() {

  const expensiveValue = useMemo(() => calculateExpensiveValue(dep1, dep2), [dep1, dep2]);


  return (

    <ChildComponent value={expensiveValue} />



In this example, the calculate Expensive Value function is only called when dep1 or dep2 change. Without memoization, it would be invoked on every render.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q1: Can I use state in custom hooks?

Yes, you can use state in custom hooks by utilizing the useState hook. Custom hooks are an excellent way to encapsulate stateful logic and share it across multiple components.

Q2: How do I handle side effects with React Hooks?

You can handle side effects with React Hooks


React Hooks have revolutionized how developers write stateful logic in functional components. By following these four key pieces of advice – understanding the rules of hooks, using dependency arrays wisely, extracting custom hooks for reusability, and considering performance optimizations – you can leverage the power of React Hooks to build robust and efficient applications.

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